The hall of winemaking history “Praise to wine from the time immemorial” with exhibits dedicated to the history of winemaking in the Black Sea region was opened at Abrau-Durso historical complex. The story of winemaking from the times of the Pharaohs and Ancient Greece is told with the aid of interactive exhibits.
Interactive exhibition Kuflex#1 was opened at Media Art Abrau, a centre of modern art. Visitors will discover the world of 3D and interactive installations, explore the new reality in the quantum room, and get acquainted with the inhabitants of the underwater world.
Children’s Sailing School was opened on the shore of Lake Abrau. Abrau Sailing Club holds classes both for amateurs and professional yachtsmen. Abrau Lake waters make it possible to practice almost all year round
Brut d’Or Blanc de Blanc.
The first and so far the only Abrau-Durso premium Blanc de Blanc sparkling wine created exclusively from selected Chardonnay white grapes. This sparkling wine, designed for true connoisseurs, is referred to as “white gold of winemaking”.
In April 2016 Mr. Georges Blanc, who has vast experience in managing the production of sparkling wines by the world's leading wineries, becomes Chief Oenologist at Abrau-Durso Russian Wine House. Under Mr. Blanc’s management, new vineyards were created, and effort was made to enhance intensity and quality of care works.
160,000 people visited Abrau-Durso winery in the Krasnodar Krai during one season. It is the most visited winery in Europe. Abrau-Durso actively promotes tourism in Abrau-Durso, with 2 hotels, several restaurants, and a unique ChampagneSpa already open for visitors.
Opening of the Walk of Fame of Winegrowers and Winemakers in Abrau-Durso.
V All-Russia Summit of Winemakers 2017 started from the opening of the Walk of Fame of Russian Winegrowers and Winemakers in Alexander II square in Abrau-Durso. In accordance with the design by the Union of Winegrowers and Winemakers of Russia, memorial signs of prominent Russian winemakers will be placed in the central square of Abrau-Durso. Today the Walk of Fame comprises the first 7 signs of those who stood at the origins of Russian winemaking: Lev Golitsyn, Anton Frolov-Bagreev, Victor Dravigny, Artemiy Merzhanyan, Zbignev Kishkovsky, Nikolay Mekhuzla, and Eduard Vedel. Three of these winemakers worked at Abrau-Durso.
Over the last few years, Abrau-Durso wines have won more than 50 medals at prestigious international competitions. The awards won by Abrau-Durso include gold, silver, and bronze medals at such competitions as Decanter, Mundus Vini, IWSC, and others. Abrau-Durso sparkling wines continue to actively participate in the world’s leading tasting competitions, and their quality has been highly appraised by experts.
To mark the 400th anniversary of the Romanov Dynasty, we recreated the design of champagne bottles dating back to the czarist era, which was served at the gala dinner held on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of the Romanov Dynasty ascent to power in 1913 at the Winter Palace. This is how the Imperial Domain line appeared.
The launch of sparkling wine drink Abrau Light with delicate fruity and flowery tones
Abrau-Durso Russian Wine House became an official supplier of Sochi 2014 Games.
2012 saw the opening of Gastronomic School in Abrau-Durso.
Staring from April 2012, the company’s shares have been listed at the Moscow Exchange.
In 2010, as a result of a long search, the descendants of Victor Dravigny were found, and amazing historic facts relating to the role of this talented winemaker in the creation of Russian champagne were discovered.
On May 14, 2012 grand- and great-grandchildren of Victor Dravigny came to Abrau at the invitation of the Russian Wine House and Mr. Titov’s personal invitation.
“My grandfather would have been delighted if he learned that his undertaking has such a continuation. As for me, I have seen the cellars equipped in a way many French winemakers would envy. I sincerely admire such excellent implementation of the project, which gives the whole region a chance to reach a high quality of life. Congratulations!”
Revival of Abrau still wine production.
In 1870 the history of Abrau Durso started from the so-called “still” wines, which were highly appraised by experts and won the highest awards at international competitions. In the Soviet times, Cabernet No. 44 (Cabernet Abrau) and Riesling No. 63 (Riesling Abrau) were considered the pride of Soviet winemaking. Abrau-Durso Russian Wine House decided to revive the tradition of still wines made from the best grapes of the Krasnodar Krai. At the moment, Abrau Wine collection comprises 5 varieties: Riesling, Cabernet, Shardonnay, Light Blend, and Dark Bland
In 2010 Abrau-Durso acquired champagne house Chateau d`Avize in the very heart of Champagne region in France from Moët&Chandon. Today it supplies Foliage Extra Brut organic champagne to Russia.
Launch of Victor Dravigny line. In 1905, a famous French champagne maker came to Russia to create sparkling wine worthy of the Russian emperor. In 2011 Abrau-Durso Russian Wine House produced a line of sparkling wines created using the classic technique, matured in mountain tunnels for three years, and called in in honour of a French champagne maker Victor Dravigny.
New wine brands were introduced; names and labels multiplied and flashed like in a kaleidoscope. Meanwhile, wine brands, which had been familiar to the consumers for a long time, disappeared as quickly and suddenly. The hurricane, which ravaged in the vicinity of Novorossiysk on August 8, 2002, did a lot of damage to the winery: the flood caused by it washed off the vines from the excellent plots in the Durso river valley. Everything was set to devoid champagne of the status it had as a special, royal, unsurpassed wine.
Start of the Revival
In 2006, the change of management and form of ownership occurred at the winery. The business was acquired by SVL Group headed by Boris Titov. Boris Titov was willing to preserve and further promote the traditions of making Russian champagne Abrau-Durso.
For the first time, sparkling wines made in modern Russia, Abrau-Durso Premium Brut Red Semi-Sweet (2007) and Abrau-Durso Imperial Cuvee l’Art Nouveau Brut (2008), won medals at the world’s leading wine contest International Wine & Spirit Competition – 2010 (IWSC) held in London.
The first All-Russia Summit of Winemakers was held in Abrau-Durso, which gathered together all Russia’s major winemaking companies. Since then, the summit is held on an annual basis, and is considered to the main professional convention of the industry.
Lake Abrau was recognized as a natural monument, as a result of which tree felling, the use of chemicals for processing vineyards, were banned around it. All the vineyards were moved from the shores of the lake.
After the reconstruction, Abrau-Durso was the flagship of Soviet winemaking for more than thirty years. By the mid-80's. The last century the area of vineyards was more than a thousand hectares. The factory produced "Soviet champagne" 3 million bottles a year, and besides that there were also famous quiet wines "Cabernet Abrau", "Riesling Abrau".
In mid-1980s, the period of intensive and smooth development at Abrau-Durso for the third time in history was followed by a deep crisis, perhaps, the most disastrous of all, due to reasons beyond the company’s control. It all started with the CPSU Central Committee and USSR Council of Ministers Decree “On Measures Aimed at Overcoming Hard Drinking and Alcoholism”
It took some time before the clearing of vineyards in Abrau Durso started. Moreover, scheduled replacement of old vines and creation of new vineyards continued for a certain period of time after this decree was adopted. Just like in the previous years, the winery won prestigious prizes for its best wines.
However, the reduction of vineyards started, and this process gained such momentum that about half of all vineyards were lost by the beginning of the 21st century.
The “troubled times” of the USSR demise made winemakers anxious not only about their fate, but rather about the fate of the wine they had been creating and nurturing for many years. Controversial and sometimes destructive decisions were taken.
A hotel was built in which tall guests subsequently stayed.
In the 1960s and 1970s, the Abrau-Durso farm produced special parties and brands of wines. Usually they were developed and produced specifically for export.
In the late 60's, a brand of Nazdorovya champagne was developed. Circulations of this wine were produced in the 70's; They were unique in the practice of the economy of wine, marked by the year of the harvest of grapes. Wine was supplied to the USA, Canada, Brazil, Mexico, Italy, Belgium, the countries of Eastern Europe. In the American market in the 1970s his company was Pepsico.
Evacuation of the plant. Many specialists left Abrau-Durso. The most valuable equipment, some ready-made wines and wine materials were transported (they were bottled, packed in boxes or, pouring with sawdust, into sacks). During the battle for Novorossiysk and the occupation of the economy by German troops, the factory buildings and part of the tunnels were destroyed.
In mid-September 1943, the land was freed and immediately began to harvest grapes. In the surviving cellars, nearly 1600 barrels were preserved, presses were delivered to the farm, and wine production began.
Immediately after the war, work began on the restoration and reconstruction of the plant under the project, signed in 1945. By the early 1950s, the economy had restored and even surpassed pre-war production volumes. The reconstruction of the plant was completed in 1956.
A significant part of the funds allocated for reconstruction was used to improve the living conditions of workers in the economy. For them, new houses were built in the village, the appearance of which forced them to believe in the impending offensive of communism. The village of Abrau has become a small town of the future with neat and comfortable houses, clean streets, well-kept alleys and front gardens.
Frolov-Bagreev and the Soviet stage in the development of Abrau-Durso
People's Commissar of Food Industry Anastas Mikoyan signed an order on the formation of funds for aged and collection wines. They selected the wines of the farms Abrau-Durso and Massandra. 10% of each lot of ready-made bottled wine, for each class and brand, to the collection wine collection fund - 500 bottles of each brand and brand, was pledged to the aged wine fund. The creation of these funds of the best wines proves that the leaders of the party and government themselves were good at distinguishing the taste of this wine and did not consider that the tank wine, which was not pawned, could be compared in quality with the classical Abrau-Durso.
At the end of March 1920, Abrau-Dyurso finally established Soviet power, and on April 14 it was decided to create a Soviet farm Abrau-Dyurso, whose director was Eduard Avgustovich Vedel. All scientific works in the household were led by A.M. Frolov-Bagreev. (Anton Mikhailovich Frolov-Bagreev (12/12/1877 - 13/8/1953) is a well-known wine-scientist, founder of sparkling wine technology, founder of the national school of champagne). This man deserves to restore the production of Russian champagne. The farm became a serious research center where special, cold-resistant yeast races were studied and created, assemblages for champagne of different types were reconciled, experiments were conducted on primary vinification.
In April 1942 AM Frolov-Bagreev was awarded the Stalin Prize for the development and implementation of the tank method of champagne production.
New Manor of the Abrau-Durso Estate
The emperor Nicholas II himself highly assessed the guilt of the specific economy. According to the memoirs of the officer of the Life Guards of the Horse Guards Regiment, N.L. Zhadvoyna, Nicholas II decided to serve champagne at the court during one of his visits to the regiment. "I love Abrau, pour me a glass of it. I several times wanted at the court to introduce Russian champagne, but I did not meet sympathy ... Now I can do it ".
Summarizing the overall development of the resorts of the Caucasus, the chairman of the exhibition committee AS. Ermolov noted that the famous champagne "Abrau-Durso" - the only one now submitted to the highest table - is already known throughout Russia; It is exported now and abroad - it has penetrated even into the United States of North America.
Before the economy, brilliant prospects opened up: the area of its vineyards grew to 220 acres, in 1913 only 500,000 bottles were sold to champagne, and a new edition of 800,000 bottles. The annual income of the estate, estimated at 10 million rubles, amounted to 1 million rubles.
A new stage in the development of the production of champagne began with the invitation to the post of the chief winemaker-champagne farmer of the Frenchman Victor Dravigny.
This man worked in Abrau-Durso in the difficult period for Russia and the economy from 1905 to 1919. For his successes he received two awards from Nicholas II - in 1909 (a gold watch with a gold chain) and in 1913 (at an exhibition in St. Petersburg - a gold cigarette case with a diamond eagle).
The construction of the basement of table wines is completed
Lev Golitsyn, of course, is the most famous figure among all those who were involved in the development of Russian winemaking. It is he who is called the creator of Russian champagne. Since that time, the main activity of the estate has been the production of champagne wines.
The first edition of the Russian champagne "Abrau-Durso". In the same year, at the All-Russian Industrial and Art Exhibition in Nizhny Novgorod, winemaking facilities of the Chief Administration of the Units were awarded the highest award - the right to represent the state emblem.
Development of the first label of champagne «Abrau-Durso»
The first champagne "Abrau-Durso"
went on sale
Prince Lev Golitsyn (1845–1915), the founder of Russian winemaking in the Crimea, and of industrial production of high-quality sparkling wines in Russia.
Simultaneously, from the Crimea, from Livadia, the varieties Cabernet, Sauvignon, Aligote, Pinot Blanc were imported to the North-Western Caucasus. The first vineyards of the named varieties were laid in the specific Abrau estate and in the estate of General Pilenko on the bank of the Tsemess bay. These estates and became the model and the basis for the development of viticulture on the coast.
Extremely successful selection of Riesling varieties for white, and then Cabernet for red wine, made by General D.V. Pilenko and agronomist F.I.Geyduk, due to exceptionally successful combination of climatic and soil conditions, quickly put forward the estate, for the high quality of its Wine, in a prominent place among the best wineries in Russia.
The first serious success of Abrau wine at the Yalta exhibition in 1884, where they greatly surpassed the Crimean wines that were famous in Russia, made a great impression on the experts with their softness and delicacy and earned gold medals.
In the early 90's, Abrau-Durso turned out to be in the sphere of activity of the chief of the Department of Destinations of Prince LD Vyazemsky and the chief winemaker of the Department of Prince L. S. Golitsyn, who worked in this post from 1891 to 1898.
In the autumn of 1870, "the tsar's command to establish a new special specific estate followed with the appropriation of the name «Abrau-Durso».
Management of the estate "Abrau-Durso" was entrusted to D.V. Pilenko, the first head of the Black Sea district (1867-1876 gg.)
The first agronomist of Abrau-Dyurso, Franz Heyduk, was sent to Ioganisberg in 1872, where he was released 20 thousand breeding Rhine vines of the Riesling variety, for red wine he bought a very productive variety "Portugiser" in the vicinity of Vienna..